Research Methods


This wiki by a T. Bond, a teacher from New Zealand, provides a good overview for many different research processes.
Wiki of Different Research Models

I like this excerpt from one of his pages: The Place of ICT in Learning

The Inquiry Method



Inquiry is an approach to learning whereby students find and use a variety of sources of information and ideas to increase their understanding of a problem, topic, or issue. It requires more of them than simply answering questions or getting a right answer. It espouses investigation, exploration, search, quest, research, pursuit, and study. Inquiry does not stand alone; it engages, interests, and challenges students to connect their world with the curriculum. Although it is often thought of as an individual pursuit, it is enhanced by involvement with a community of learners, each learning from the other in social interaction. However, without some guidance it can be daunting. Students gain competence by being guided through an inquiry process by teachers and librarians at each grade level.

About Inquiry: Comprehensive Resources for Understanding Inquiry Learning

BCTLA document: A Framework for Information Literacy and the 2st Century Learner

A Teacher's Guide to Implementing Inquiry Learning, Alberta

Useful Collections of Inquiry Resources

A Resource Created by BC Teachers
Inquiry and Learning Wiki

Langley Teacher Librarians
Inquiry Questions Wiki

Fundamentals of Inquiry for Science Teachers: Workshops designed to Introduce teachers to Inquiry from the Exploratorium Institute for Inquiry
Science: Inquiry Workshops

Specific Tools for the Inquiry Process

(You'll also find many in the section of sites, above.)

Points of Inquiry Learning Outcomes for Grades 8-12

Rubrics from T. Bond's site

Another Rubric from the Inquiry and Learning Wiki

Secondary Information Literacy Planning Sheet for the Inquiry Process

Secondary Collaborative Planning Sheet for the Inquiry Process

Blank Planning Sheet

A Wholistic Approach to Education: The Circle of Courage

Here's an approach to teaching that is gaining momentum and which takes a wholistic view of the learner. The Circle of Courage model is a student-centred way of looking at child development that focuses on building resilience in students, and on developing their connection to community. Based on native teachings, it was initially developed for at-risk and native students, but is proving to be a life-affirming model for all students.

I've included this on this page because, though the inquiry process may be considered more "progressive" and student-centred than some previous research processes because it starts with student-generated questions and aims to encourage student engagement with learning, the Circle of Courage philosophy puts supporting the individual child as a developing person at the centre of the educational process. As educators, we are continually being asked, and sometimes mandated, to adopt new approaches to instruction and assessment, as various educational trends come and go. As such, our individual "tool box" of resources and approaches expands, and our educational philosophies evolve. I like the Circle of Courage philosophy because it puts teaching in the larger context of our common goal and desire to have a society of happy, well-adjusted individuals who enjoy learning and are able and willing to contribute to society in positive ways.

More About The Circle of Courage Approach

Article by Larry K. Brendtro, Martin Brokenleg, and Steve Van Bockern, "The Circle of Courage and Positive Psychology"